From 16th November, 2019, the Skilled Regional Visa (subclass 489) was officially replaced by the new Skilled Work Regional Visa (subclass 491). The 491 visa is similar to the original 489 visa and is a temporary visa valid for 5 years.
After the 491 visa application is successful, the holder and his family need to live, work and study in remote areas for at least three years. During the working period, the annual working income is required to be no less than the minimum tax standard, which is currently AUD 53,900 (data on 16th November, 2019), and then you can apply for a 191 permanent residence visa (will be online on 16th November, 2022).
The definition of remote areas in Australia is broad, and most areas are remote areas. After the introduction of the new 491 visa, the definition of remote areas has been simplified, that is, all other Australian areas except QLD Brisbane, VIC Melbourne and NSW Sydney belong to “remote areas” under this new definition.